About Australia
Australia is the worlds largest island and the smallest continent covering an area of 7.69 million square kilometers
In distance, Australia stretches around 3700 kilometres from north to south and 4000 kilometres from east to west, making it the sixth-largest nation after, China, Russia, US, Canada th and Brazil. Australia is also the only continent in the world that is governed as a single country.
The ocean territory of Australia is also the third-largest in the world, spanning three oceans and covering around 12 million square kilometres. Australia currently has a population of around 23 million people.
Australian Government
Australia has three levels of government – the federal Australian Government, the governments of the six states and two territories, and local government authorities. Australia has been a nation with a single national government since 1 January 1901. Australia is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom as its head of state, which is why Australias national flag comprises the Union Jack (along with the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross).
The Queen appoints the Governor-General of Australia as her representative on the advice of the elected Australian Government. The Governor-General appoints ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. Australia’s system of government is based on the liberal democratic tradition, which includes religious tolerance and freedom of speech and association.
The Australian Constitution sets out the functions of the Australian Government, such as foreign relations and trade, defence and immigration. States and territories are responsible for matters not assigned to the federal government.
There are two major political groups that usually form government, federally and in the states: the Australian Labor Party, and the Coalition which is a formal grouping of the Liberal Party and its minor partner, the National Party.
This majority party or coalition becomes the government, decided at an election by Australian citizens. The other major political party or coalition is called ‘the opposition.
Multicultural Australia
Australian society is made up of people from a rich variety of cultural, ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds, and this is a defining feature of modern Australian society. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have inhabited Australia for tens of thousands of years. Most Australians are immigrants or the descendants of immigrants who arrived during the past two hundred years from more than 200 countries. The most commonly spoken language in Australia is English, and the most commonly practiced religion is Christianity, although foreign languages and other religions are also common.
Cities, states and territories
Australia is divided into six states and two territories.
Canberra is the national capital and the centre of government. It is located approximately 290 kilometres south of Sydney . It is home to important national institutions, including the Australian Parliament and the High Court of Australia.
New South Wales is Australias oldest and most populated state. More than a third of Australians live in New South Wales, and Sydney is the nations largest city.
Victoria is the smallest of the mainland states in size but the second most populated. Melbourne is the capital and is Australias second most populated city.
Queensland is Australias second-largest state in size. The state capital is Brisbane, the third most populated city in Australia. Queenslanders enjoy more winter sunshine and warmth than most other Australian states .
South Australia is a state in the southern central part of the country which covers some of the most arid parts of the continent. It is the fourth largest of Australias states and shares its borders with all of the mainland states and the Northern Territory. The state capital is Adelaide, the fifth-largest city in Australia.
At the top end of Australia lies the Northern Territory. Darwin, on the northern coast, is the capital, and Alice Springsthe principal inland town.
Western Australia is Australias largest state by area. About three-quarters of the states population live in the capitalPerth, which is the fourth most populated city in Australia.
Tasmania is separated from mainland Australia by Bass Strait and is the smallest state in Australia. The capital, Hobart, was founded in 1804 as a penal colony, and is Australias second oldest capital city after Sydney.
Australia also administers Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, the Cocos (or Keeling) Islands, the Coral Sea Islands, Heard and McDonald Islands, Norfolk Island and the Australian Antarctic Territory (covering 42 per cent of the Antarctic continent) as external territories.
Why Study in Australia?
Universities and Schools in Australia
Student Visa Requirements
Embassy in India
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